La MAE reçoit Ma Guoqing – le 9 et 10 décembre 2013

Dans le cadre de son cycle de conférences internationales, la MAE reçoit Ma Guoqing (School of Sociology and Anthropology, Sun Yat-sen University)

 

Lundi 9 décembre 2013
MAE, salle du conseil, 4e étage / 10h- 12h

« HUNTERS as Social Label: Modern Elunchun (Oroqen) under Multiple Domination »

Living in Xing’an Mountains, Northeast of China, Elunchun (Oroqen) was known as Hunters in the history of China. Shirokogoroff’s influential book, the Social Organization of the Northern Tungus, has carried out great amount of researches on the cultures and societies of this area in 1910s. But the society of Elunchun has undergone tremendous changes since 1950s. After the whole country coming into socialism, there have been some specific, even special discourses targeting at them in the state’s welfare system. Even most of them no longer hunt for a living, the outer societies and government still label them as hunters. This title is not only related to social identity for their own, but also a label shaped by development policies over and over again. The speaker will give concrete materials from his fieldwork in this region starting from 1990s. Especially over the past 20 years, China experienced a simultaneous burst of ethnic revival and economic boom. On the one hand, wealth floods into the construction and development projects of Elunchun area. On the other, the rising ethnic pride has increased the risk of the society. They receive preferential treatment from nation policies, at the same time, are constantly marginalized due to capacity constraints created by capital and market. Under these kinds of multiple dominations, the regenerative capacity of Elunchun society has been broken.


Mardi 10 décembre 2013
MAE, salle du conseil, 4e étage / 10h- 12h

« MINORITY on the Move: Cases from Guangzhou and Other Chinese Cities »

During China’s rapid urbanization in last three decades, hundreds of millions of people moved from their father’s villages to cities. A significant issue caused by this phenomenon is the flow of ethnic population, both from west to coast cities like Guangzhou and from rural areas to regional centers. Here minority on the move doesn’t mean merely floating population, but also consequently cultural, social and even political problems. As Guangzhou’s cases will tell, how Muslim migrants from Xinjiang province rebuild their organizations in urban life articulate the ethnic communities with other parts of the city. In the articulation process, different groups try constantly to shape some combination of new ties, because they have never lived together so close. However, the establishment of a new network of relationships suffers from the messy co-existence of cultural resources, economic opportunities, and political regime. These attempts, which shift from adaptations to contradictions, result in current social problems in Guangzhou as well as Urumqi. Then the interplay between cultures or groups has not been localized anymore, instead operates across time and space.

Préhistoire et Technologie