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Accueil du site> Membres du LESC > Membres permanents > DESHAYES Patrick (EREA)

DESHAYES Patrick (EREA)

Regional fields

Amazon, Peru, Brazil, Ecuador

Thematic fields

visual anthropology, ethnopsychiatry, shamanism, neo-shamanism and new religious movements in South America, medical anthropology


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After a long-term monographic research project among the Huni Kuin Indians (Cashinahua) and after having worked on questions of identity and alterity, Patrick Deshayes explored questions of shamanic power and chieftainship, as well as the social transformation of Indian groups in contact with the pioneer front, in the Peruvian Amazon and in the Brazilian state of Acre.

His current work deals first with identity reconstructions that involve changes in Amazonian shamanism and the appearance of new, syncretic religions like Santo Daime. He is also pursuing research on new religious movements in South America, by studying and filming the practices of a Judeo-Inca messianic movement called “Israelites of the New Universal Pact”. Upcoming research will focus on identity reconstructions that have developed as a result of these new religious affiliations in the context of globalisation.

In line with reflections initiated in the seminar on agency, he is developing specific aspects of image agency and artistic power in two directions:
– artistic images and war decoys: specifically considering the agency of pictorial images in the process of decoying, such as its use during the First World War (eg. the boat painting technique called Dazzle Painting, or camouflage technique, intentional perceptional blurring and interference)
– pictorial images in the construction of a population’s image. Images play a fundamental role in the Israelites of the New Universal Pact movement. In addition to the influence of Baroque religious painting on the posture and clothing of followers, there is above all the Cecil B. De Mille film “The Ten Commandments”, which they consider a “historical” source of Hebrew life, and which the Israelites treat as a model. This presents an original case of memory construction through fictional cinema.


A final line of research, visual arts and the transversality of reciprocal visual anthropology, takes up questions relating to the imagination, symbolism, and their circumvolutions in relation to technological transformations and new fields of knowledge. This research more particularly considers image technologies and their sociocultural impact, as well as anthropological “reading” technologies, in parallel with an analysis of the complexity of the aesthetic forms to which these are connected, or which they shape. Patrick Deshayes has proposed to design a new analytical and classificatory approach to documentary cinema in particular, that of visual anthropology. The practice of reciprocal visual anthropology enables knowledge production in symmetrical and interactive situations.

Recent publications

  • 2013, Agentivité, devenir-chasseur et affects, Ateliers d’anthropologie, 39 http://ateliers.revues.org/9503 [special issue: V. Vapnarsky, A. Monod Becquelin and M. de Fornel (éd.), L’agentivité, vol. II: Interactions, grammaire et narrativité].
  • 2012, La maisonnée d’Adriers, vidéo beta numérique 26 mn (coproduction: Zagarianka Films/InterEurop/ACEPP).
  • 2012, L’arbre à galettes, 15 ans après…, vidéo beta numérique 26 mn (coproduction: Zagarianka Films/InterEurop/ACEPP).
  • 2012, Au fil de l’Art, vidéo beta numérique 26 mn (coproduction: Zagarianka Films/InterEurop/ACEPP).
  • 2011, Droit, négociation et métamorphose dans une société indigène de l’Amazonie, in Recht und Frieden: Transkulturelle Perspektiven / Le droit et la paix: perspectives transculturelles / Law and peace: Transcultural perspectives (Sarrebrücken, Herberger Maximilian/Reichmann Tinka): 7–18.
  • 2008, Les dix commandements d’Ezéchiel, vidéo beta numérique 52mn (coproduction: CNRS/Zagarianka Films/CNC).
  • 2008, Les hommes blancs sont-ils des êtres humains?, Chinese Review of Anthropology, 4: 7–8.

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Mis à jour le 16 January 2014





Professeur, Université Lyon 2
[Full Professor]

Contact

EREA website


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