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David Bourgarit

David BOURGARIT

Ingenieur de recherche Hors classe au Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication




Research domain

My background is in Physics, specifically in Materials Science ; his PhD concerned physical metallurgy of a titanium alloy that was incorporated in a turbo engine of the rocket Ariane 5. This rocket belongs now to history, as most of the metallic objects I have been studying from 1996 on as researcher at the Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France (C2RMF) at Paris. Belonging to a public institution devoted to the 1209 so-called French Museums, I have been examining metallic artifacts from almost all periods and regions, including the sword of Napoleon and 19th c French aluminium jewellery.

My primary research interest is the study of copper metallurgy with a focus on early copper extractive metallurgy in France. In addition he has turned to medieval European metallurgy and especially brass cementation process, and he is carrying out a program on Indo-Persan Medieval copper productions with the Louvre. In 2007, he started studying the techniques of modern bronze statuary after an incursion some years before into the field of Khmer bronzes. The latter project is still ongoing through both technical investigation of statuary and participation to excavations of a bronze foundry at Angkor. In 2014, while still permanent researcher at the C2RMF, he joined the laboratory Préhistoire et technologie as a non permanent fellow in order to beneficiate of the technological approach



Bibliography

2014

Bourgarit, D, Bassett, J., Bewer, F., Bresc-Bautier, G., Malgouyres, P., Scherf, G (eds.) - French Bronze Sculpture 16th – 18th Century : Materials and Techniques. London, Archetype.

Bourgarit, D, Mille, B.- Provenance du cuivre et alliages, in Circulation et provenance des matériaux dans les sociétés anciennes, Dillmann, P. and L. d. Bellot-Gurlet, (dir.). Paris, éditions des archives contemporaines : 103-130.

2013

Thomas, N., D. Bourgarit, M. Verbeek, J. Plumier and B. Asmus . Commerce et techniques métallurgiques : les laitons mosans dans le marché européen au Moyen Âge (XIIIe-XVIe siècles). In L’archéologie au laboratoire. S. Thiébault and P. Depaepe (dir.). Paris, La Découverte : 169-182.

2012

Bourgarit, D Thomas, N. - Late Medieval copper alloying practices : A view from a Parisian workshop of the 14th century AD, Journal of Archaeological Sciences, 39 (10):3052-3070, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.201....

Vincent, B. and Bourgarit, D. "Khmer Bronze Metallurgy during the Angkorian Period (12th-13th Century) : Technical Investigation of a New Selected Corpus of Bronze Artifacts from the Phnom Penh National Museum". In Fifth Forbes Symposium, Studies of Ancient Asian Metallurgy using Scientific Methods (Freer Gallery of Art, Washington DC (28-29th October 2010), London:Archetype, 124-153.

2011

Bourgarit, D Thomas, N. - The ancient brass cementation processes : from laboratory to field experiments, Historical Metallurgy, 20 (1), 8-16.

2010

Bourgarit, D., Rostan, P., Carozza, L., Mille, B. and Artioli, G. 2010 : - Vingt ans de recherches à Saint-Véran, Hautes Alpes : état des connaissances de l’activité de production de cuivre à l’âge du Bronze ancien. Trabajos de Prehistoria 67(2) : 265-281, doi:10.3989/tp.2010.10039.

Bourgarit, D., Bauchau, F.– The ancient brass cementation processes revisited by extensive experimental simulation, Journal of Metals, 62 (3), 51-57.

Burger, E. Bourgarit, D., Wattiaux, A., Fialin, M. – The reconstruction of the first copper smelting processes in Europe during the 4th to the 3rd millennium BC : where does the oxygen come from ?, Applied Physics A, 100 (3). 713-724.

Burger, E. Bourgarit, D., Frotté, V. and Pilon, F. 2010– Kinetics of iron-copper sulphides oxidation in relation to protohistoric copper smelting, Journal of Thermal Analysis and calorimetry, online publication, doi:10.1007/s10973-010-0926-2.

2008

Bourgarit, D., Rostan, P., Burger, E., Carozza, L., Mille, B. and Artioli, G. - The beginning of copper mass production in the western Alps : the Saint Véran mining area reconsidered, Historical Metallurgy, 42 (1), 1-11.

Thomas, N., Bourgarit, D. and Pernot, M. - Un atelier de "bronziers" parisien au XIVe s. : fabrication de masse d’objets du quotidien. In Science des Matériaux du Patrimoine Culturel, Paris, S. M.-C. (dir.), 36-42.

Bewer, F., Bourgarit D., Bassett, J. - Les bronzes français (XVIe-XVIIIe siècle) : notes techniques, in Bronzes français de la Renaissance au Siècle des lumières, Bresc-Bautier, G., Scherf, G. (dir.), Paris : Musée du Louvre - Somogy, 28-41.

2007

Bourgarit, D. et Plateau, J. - When aluminium was equal to gold : Can a chemical aluminium be distinguished from an electrolytic one ?, Historical Metallurgy, 41(1), 57-76.

Bourgarit, D. and Mille, B.- Les premiers objets métalliques ont-ils été fabriqués par des métallurgistes ?, Actualité Chimique, 312-313,54-60.

Bourgarit, D. - Chacolithic copper smelting. In Metals and Mines, La Niece, S., Hook, D. and Craddock, P. T. (ed.) London : Archetype Publications Ltd, 3-14.

2005

Bourgarit D., Mille B., Burens A., Carozza L. - Smelting of chalcopyrite during chalcolithic times : some have done it in ceramic pots as vase-furnaces, 33rd Int. Symp. on Archaeometry, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 22-26 april 2002, 297-302.

Bourgarit D. and Mille, B. - Nouvelles données sur l’atelier métallurgique de la Capitelle du Broum (district minier de Cabrières, Hérault, France) : la transformation de minerais de cuivre à base de sulfures se précise ! In La première métallurgie en France et dans les pays limitrophes, Ambert et Vacquer (dir), Carcassonne : Société Préhistorique Française, 97-108.

2003

Bourgarit, D., Mille, B., Prange, M., Ambert, P. et Hauptmann, A. - Chalcolithic Fahlore Smelting at Cabrières : Reconstruction of Smelting Processes by Archaeometallurgical Finds, Proc. of the Int. Conf. "Archaeometallurgy in Europe", Milan, Italie, 24-26 sept 2003, Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia, vol 1, 431-440.

Bourgarit, D., Mille, B., Borel, T., Baptiste, P. et Zéphir, T. - A Millennium of Khmer Bronze Metallurgy : A Technical Study of Seventy-five Bronze Artefacts from the Musee Guimet and the Phnom Penh National Museum, Scientific Research in the field of Asian art, P. Jett (ed.), Proc. 1st Forbes Symposium, Freer Gallery, 27-29 sep. 2001, Washington, London : Archetype Publications Ltd, 103-126.

Bourgarit, D. et Mille, B. - The elemental analysis of ancient copper-based artefacts by Inductively-Coupled-Plasma Atomic-Emission-Spectrometry (ICP-AES) : an optimized methodology reveals some secrets of the Vix Crater, Measurement Science and Technology, 14, 1538-1555.

Mille, B., Bourgarit D.- Composition élémentaire des bronzes de la tombe de Vix, In La tombe de Vix, Rolley, C. (dir.) Dijon : Picard, 253-265.

20 février 2015


Maison Archéologie Ethnologie
UMR 7055 Préhistoire et Technologie
21 Allée de l’Université
F - 92023 Nanterre cedex



david.bourgarit@culture.gouv.fr